The adverbs and the adjectives in English
Adjectives qualify nouns.
Adverbs qualify actions. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.
|Eva is a careful girl ➫ adjective||Eva drives carefully ➫ adverb|
Difference between an adjective and an adverb
I am a slow driver ⮞ How am I? ➱ slow ➫ adjective
I drive slowly ⮞ How do I drive? ➱ slowly ➫ adverb
when you indicate something about the noun
when you indicate something about the verb
reference: English for Life Pre-Intermediate Oxford
NOTE : After the verbs ➣ be ➣ look ➣ taste ➣ sound ➫there is an adjective ➬NOT an adverb
The meal was perfect ➬NOT perfectly
It sounded terrible ➬NOT terribly
Adverbs and adjectives that have the same form
Form: Adjective + -ly
➣BE CAREFUL He is a good cat but he does not feel well
➣BE CAREFUL NOT all words ending in -ly are adverbs:
- adjectives ending in -ly: curly, chilly, friendly, elderly, silly, lonely, ugly, lovely, lively
- nouns, ending in -ly: butterfly, family, jelly, ally, bully, melancholy
- verbs, ending in -ly: apply, rely, reply, supply, comply, imply
➣ to modify verbs
The team played badly.
I want to live intensely.
➣ to modify adjectives
It was an extremely bad match.
I feel rather ashamed.
➣to modify adverbs
Mark behaves utterly well.
There are quite a lot of people.
➣ to modify sentences
Unfortunately, the flight has been cancelled.
Suddenly, the lights went out.
Adverbs of frequency
They answer how often something happens.
- hardly ever
These adverbs go before the verb.
|Subject||auxiliary||adverb of frequency||verb|
|He||never||gets up early|
|I||do not||always||go there|
BUT after verb to be
|Subject||verb to be||adverb of frequency|
Adverbs of time
They answer when something happens.
Adverbs of place
They answer where something happens.
Adverbs of manner
They answer how something happens.
Adverbs of degree
They answer how much something happens.