➣En español sólo hay un verbo hacer, por lo que suele ser un enigma cuándo utilizar uno u otro. Let’s try.
➫ We use ‘make’ when we create or construct something. For example:
She made a vegan birthday cake.
Then she made us some coffee.
Did she really make these napkins too?
➫ We use ‘do’ for general activities. ‘Do‘ is often used with ‘something’, ‘nothing’, ‘anything’ or ‘everything’:
- I didn’t do anything special.
- She cannot do everything herself. She needs some help.
- Are you doing anything interesting during the holidays?
- What did you do at the weekend?
- BUT ••• ➼ What do you do? ➣What’s your job/profession?
➫ Expressions with make and do
➣ But they don’t follow any rules, so you have to learn them by heart.
|30 mph (miles per hour)
|Drivers do more than 30 mph near the school. It’s very dangerous.
|She did very badly, so she’ll have to retake the test.
|Don’t worry about the test. Just do your best.
|It’s been a pleasure doing business with you.
|I have to go home and do some chores.
|John has decided to do a course in computing this autumn.
|She sat on the sofa, doing a crossword.
|The storm has done a lot of damage to the house.
|the dishes / the washing up
|I really hate doing the dishes. I must buy a dishwasher.
|Alba spent hours doing a drawing.
|England expects that every man will do his duty.
|I have to do an exam and write an essay this week.
|Juan likes doing exercise, especially running.
|The teacher made us do a lot of grammar exercises.
|someone a favour
|My friend did me a huge favour taking care of the cats.
|We often spend Sundays doing gardening.
|She helps stray dogs trying to do good.
|You should eat more veggies. They’ll do you good!
|He spends ages doing his hair!
|I spilt coffee and tried to wipe it, but I did more harm than good.
|Have you finished doing your homework?
|Let’s do the housework quickly, then we can go out.
|Luis does the ironing while he listens to the radio.
|I think the activists did a great job with the fur farms.
|the laundry / the washing
|He did the laundry and hung the clothes out.
|Do you do your nails?
|There was an old man sitting on the bank of the river, doing a painting.
|Does everybody hate doing paperwork?
|I’m doing some research for my thesis at the moment.
|I’ll do the shopping tomorrow. We need oat milk, fruit and rice.
|time (= be in prison)
|The robbers broke into a bank, were caught by the police, and now they are doing time.
|My sister is doing well in her new job.
|I have to do a lot of work this weekend.
|We must not let him do his worst. He has been reported for animal abuse.
|I’m so sorry that I upset you. How can I make amends?
|She had toothache, so she made an appointment with the dentist for the following day.
|As we’re going on holiday soon, let’s make some arrangements. I’ll find a hotel, and you can look at flights.
|We might not save the kitten, but let’s at least make an attempt to take him to the vet.
|The children’s favourite game is to make believe that they are the Ogre and the Donkey from Shrek.
|I think it opens at six, but let’s make certain.
|I’ve made some changes to the document.
|Which one are you going to buy? You need to make a choice.
|My son made a comment about my flip flops.
|The medical attention was so bad that we made a complaint to the hospital.
|I’d like to make a confession. I used to eat animals.
|Let’s make a date to have a meal.
|I’ve made a decision. I’m going to go vegan.
|Going vegan has really made a difference to how I feel.
|Alba made a discovery. Vegan food is awesome!
|You’re not trying hard enough! Make an effort!
|He made several errors on the essay, and the teacher told him to rewrite it.
|The bank robbers were able to make their escape.
|The stray cat is not allowed inside the house but I made an exception because it is freezing.
|Why was Alba late? Did she make an excuse?
|The child bit into the lemon and made a face.
|We put up our tent, made a fire, and had a sandwich.
|a fool of yourself
|You shouldn’t say those silly things in public! You’ll make a fool of yourself.
|Lorna made a fortune when she sold her company. Now she doesn’t have to work.
|She made lots of friends at college.
|People shouldn’t make fun of imprisoned animals. It is cruel and disgusting.
|I’m fine, it’s just a cough. Don’t make a fuss!
|You certainly made an impression last night! All my friends are asking about you.
|It was a tense situation at the beginning, but then Juan made a joke, and after that it was much more relaxed.
|Because of the snow, try not to make any journeys which are not absolutely essential.
|First, I must make a list of all the things I have to do.
|Their business made a loss the first year, but did much better after that.
|We used to make love practically every day.
|What a mess you’ve made! Clean it up!
|She made a huge mistake and now she regrets it.
|John made a lot of money and was able to retire at 55.
|Look how late it is! Let’s make a move.
|Please try not to make a noise when you come home.
|May I make an observation? I don’t think you should eat foie gras.
|She made an offer on a house. She’ll find out today if it has been accepted.
|I’d like to make a credit card payment, please.
|a phone call
|I’m going outside to make a phone call. It’s too noisy in here.
|Juan is making plans to move to Canada.
|The activist used lots of examples to make his point.
|The journalist made a prediction about the economy, but in the end it wasn’t correct.
|His business made a profit from the beginning.
|The country has made significant progress in animal rights.
|I made a promise to myself that I would never hurt any creature.
|Juan was in trouble because he made a negative remark about his police corporal.
|Could you call the restaurant and make a reservation for tonight?
|He made a scene in the school. He shouted at all the staff and demanded to speak to the principal.
|Don’t make a sound! We need to be completely quiet.
|He made an emotive speech at her funeral.
|Can I make a suggestion? How about the vegan burger?
|I don’t think I left the gate open, but I’m going to make sure.
|I never make the bed. I just stretch the duvet.
|time (=find time to do something)
|You have to make time to get a diploma or you will never get the job.
|The headmistress in our school always makes trouble. She is always slandering and maligning.
|I need to make a visit to that dog pound.
|your mind up
|What do you want? Make your mind up quickly!
|After work, I make my way to the animal shelter.