What is a pronoun?

Pronouns are some of the most useful words in the English language. They are used in the place of a noun to avoid it having to be named twice.

Definition of Pronoun

In English, the part of speech used as a substitute for an antecedent noun that is clearly understood, and with which it agrees in person, number, and gender.

Pronouns are classified as

Personal or Subject Pronouns ➭used before the verb

I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they

I am a vegan

Object Pronouns ➭used after a verb or a preposition

me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them

Look at me

Possessive Adjectives ➭always used with a noun

my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their

That is my salad

Possessive Pronouns ➭replace the noun

mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs

This coffee is mine

Reflexive Pronouns ➭the subject and the object of the verb are the same

myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

I ask myself how you can do that

Demonstratives ➭point to the object according to the distance

this, these, that, those

Relatives ➭add information and relate back to what was previously mentioned

that, which, who, whom, whose, when, where, why

The teacher that/who speaks Russian is from Spain

The teacher whose parents speak Russian is from Spain

This is where I was born

Interrogatives ➭used to ask questions

what, who, which, when, where, why, how, whose, whom

What are you eating?

Why do they put birds in a cage?

  • What qué 🠾asks about a thing
  • Who quién 🠾asks about a person
  • Which cuál 🠾asks about a choice
  • When cuándo 🠾asks about a time
  • Where  ➮dónde 🠾asks about a place
  • Why por qué 🠾asks about a reason
  • How cómo 🠾asks about a manner
  • Whosede quién 🠾asks about ownership
  • Whoma quién 🠾formal
  • How many cats are here?
  • How much does it cost?
  • How often do you see her?
  • How long is the film?
  • How old are you?
  • How far is Madrid?
  • How fast can you run?
  • How big/tall/high is it?
  • How wide/deep is the well?

Indefinites ➭indicate an indeterminate quantity or identity

As the word indefinite suggests, they do not specify the identity of their referents. They are more imprecise:

➣everybody ➣everyone ➣everything ➣all

➣some ➣any

➣many ➣much ➣few ➣little

➣one ➣other ➣another ➣others

➣both ➣several

Subject and Object Pronouns Exercise 1

Possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns exercise 1

Choose the correct subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive pronouns, possessive adjectives

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